Ace – also known as a hole in one and when a player hits the ball directly from the tee and it goes in the hole.
Air shot – attempt to hit the ball and end up not connecting.
Albatross – also a double eagle and happens when a hole is played three strokes under par.
Approach shot – a shot played with the intention of landing the ball on the green.
Back nine – the last nine holes on an eighteen hole course.
Ball marker – coin or other small token used to indicate a ball’s position on the green prior to lifting it up.
Birdie – a hole played one shot under par.
Bogey – a hole played one shot over par.
Caddie – a person who carries a player’s clubs. Often a source of advice and the only person other than a player’s partner who can offer such advice.
Chip – a short shot played from close to the green with the aim of getting the ball as close to the hole as possible, or in it.
Clubface – part of the golf club that comes in contact with the ball during a shot.
Divot – piece of grass moved during the course of a shot. Players are expected to replace divots after playing their shot.
Drive – first shot at each hole.
Eagle – a hole played two shots under par.
Even – a score equal to par. Can be for a hole or the course.
Fairway – part of the hole between the tee and the green.
Front nine – first nine holes on an eighteen hole course.
Gimmee – a putt that all other players in the group concede without the player having to make the putt.
Iron – a club made from metal with a flat face. They are usually numbered one through nine.
Lay up – a shot where you use a shorter range club and rather than going for distance you are looking to place the ball in a certain area, ie before a hazard.
Lie – how the ball is sitting on the ground.
Mulligan – a do over or another shot without penaly. Only for casual play and not in competitions.
Par – regulation score for a hole.
Putt – a shot played on the green and usually with a club called a putter.
Rough – longer grass that borders a fairway.
Sand wedge – club designed to get the ball high and usually used when hitting out of a bunker.
Scratch golfer – player with a zero handicap.
Short game – shots in and around the green and includes chipping, pitching and putting.
Tap in – when the ball comes to rest very close to the hole and only requires a short putt to complete the hole.
Tee – small peg used to raise the ball off the ground when driving. Also refers to the area where the ball may be placed for the first shot at each hole.